Posts

My 15 inch long-range setup for 2020 (with CAD files)

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This is my latest 15 inch ultra-long range setup with 50 minutes flight time:

Propellers: 15x5.5" Tarot with custom hub Motors: T-Motor MN3110 470 kV Frame: 240g custom carbon structure Lipo: 2x 4S 4000 mAh SLS 20C (parallel) Camera: Micro Runcam micro sparrow Firmware: INAV FC: Holybro Kakute F7 ESC: Tekko32 F3 GPS: BN-180 Compass: QMC5883L Receiver: FRSky R9 slim+ 

Hovering flight time is 50 minutes at 8.5 Amps and 40% throttle. Current goes up to 12 A when flying 50-60 km/h. Flight characteristics are really good when tuned properly (you'll nee a HUGE D-term).

Here is the CAD file of the frame.

INAV 2.4.0 PID settings: 
set mc_p_pitch = 85
set mc_i_pitch = 60
set mc_d_pitch = 150
set mc_p_roll = 85
set mc_i_roll = 60
set mc_d_roll = 150
set mc_p_yaw = 200
set mc_i_yaw = 70
set mc_p_level = 40
set mc_i_level = 10
set max_angle_inclination_rll = 500
set max_angle_inclination_pit = 500
set dterm_lpf_hz = 30
set use_dterm_fir_filter = OFF
set yaw_lpf_hz = 50
set dterm_setpoint_weight = 0.600
set …

In-flight propulsion system test!

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Idea Ever wondered what propeller or what motor performs best for your needs? Here is a simple way to determine the performance of different propellers (or motors) directly in flight, using your multirotor, the blackbox and some math. In the past, a lot of static thrust tests have been done to determine the current, thrust and efficiency of multirotor propulsion systems. However, they don't tell you anything about the propeller or motor performance in fast forward flight. Aerodynamics in forward flight and with a non-uniform inflow of the air are very different from static measurements.
My questions were:
What propeller has the better acceleration?(acceleration performance of propellers is theoretically closely linked to the 'grip' during turns. Because turning is also just an acceleration, see this post)What propeller will reach the higher top speed? And which one decelerates better when throttle is cut?

Method My idea was to mount one kind of propellers on the left side…

CFD with FPV racing drones

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I am currently checking the feasibility of computational fluid dynamics with racing drones in Autodesk CFD2018.

This is one of my first attempts to simulate a simple copter draft by Heiko Schenk. I am still very new to CFD, so I am looking for feedback too.

I am including the effect of the propeller jet (velocity distribution and swirl) and also the motor housing rotation. The flow velocities of the propellers were calculated in JavaProp (33000 RPM, 360 Watts, 30 m/s, 3 blades, 5 inch diameter).
Watch this video for more information and some results:


Part 2/3: Side force generators - Forces and turning

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About a month ago, I was presenting an idea to make drones faster on race tracks: The so called ‘side force generators’ (SFGs) enable racing drones to drift less during turns, making them potentially faster. The placement of the ‘wings’ is very critical and mentioned in more detail in my earlier post on SFGs. Some people tested the SFGs and confirmed the enhanced flight characteristics. Other people didn’t try and didn’t believe that SFGs could help. I must agree that the concept of the SFGs is not so easy to understand. That is why I will explain it in more detail here.



Let’s start with something that everyone knows (figure 1). When you are going through a fast turn with your car, then your car needs to provide two forces to stay on the track (grey line): The ‘thrust’ (green) of your car needs to equal its aerodynamic and friction drag (yellow). When the car turns, then there needs to be a constant force towards the centre of the turn, called ‘centripetal force’ (red). This force is …

Winter preparations: Recoil stretch

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This design was just finished, I am still searching for the perfect propellers. The performance is very good already, but the props are not durable enough. The MTM is 150mm, I noticed that quads fly cleaner and with less noise when there is some extra space between the propellers.

Here is my setup
Recoil stretch frame, 2.5mm carbonWeight without Lipo: 80gTake-off weight: 135gAMAX inno 1105 4000 kVEmax Bullet 12A ESCsTattu 4S 450 mAh 75CRuncam Swift micro NTSC, 2.1mmFXT FX806T VTX, 25 mWFrsky R-XSREmax femto (still my favorite FC although I haven't tried many)XT 30AMAX inno 3030 3-blade props











CAD design, manufacturing + test flight of an FPV racing airplane

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I wanted to create a small FPV racing aircraft that has a good performance on small racing tracks with FAI gates. So I created this bimotor airplane. The yaw control makes it very agile. I am using a flight controller with iNAV firmware to stabilize all axes.
The aileron servos are much too slow (0.1s/45°), so it was hard to tune. They will be replaced now with faster ones (0.05s/60°).
Propellers are 4 x4.5 inch, motors are xnova 1407 - 3100kV, Lipo is 1Ah, 4s.
I like the results, and I am looking forward to fly it on race tracks with a lot of gates.
Watch this video to see a timelapse of the design and milling process, followed by some inflight clips:








Part 1/3: Side Force Generators (SFGs) in FPV Racing

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Summary: FPV racing multirotors with side force generators (SFGs), will drift less during turns, making them potentially faster on race tracks (watch the video comparison here). But the SFGs need the be carefully placed and dimensioned, so that aerodynamic centre and centre of mass are at the same position. Otherwise it will not work. 
Introduction Recently, I was thinking about how to improve the handling of racing copters. I noticed since quite a long time, that different copters behave quite differently in fast turns: Some drift quite a lot (especially when they carry a larger battery or an action cam), others drift less. I was always preferring copters that drift as little as  possible. That is also why I am trying to reduce the weight of my copters as much as feasible.
The amount of drift depends on the weight of the copter and the lift and drag of the fuselage for sideways air streams (side-slip). The larger the lift and drag, the more side force the fuselage produces at a given…